The Bayonet Model 1893 was designed for the Spanish Mauser Rifle. This happens to be the exact model that might have started me on a quest to learn more about boyonets. Recently Kathleen brought home a rather old looking bayonet from a Garage Sale. She knew it was old, but didn’t really know much more than that, so it was up to me to figure out when and what it was. This is where Google can really be your friend. A few hours of searching and I had found our answers.
The bayonet is known as the Spanish Mauser Model 1893. This is considered a short bayonet. It was produced on contract by Simson & Co. Shul Germany. It is roughly 14.75 inches in overall length with a 9.75 inch blade. It also came with a Leather scabbard.
To understand the beginnings of this particular bayonet, you have to travel back in time to the late 1800’s when two brothers Paul and Wilhelm Mauser drastically changed rifle design by creating what was referred to as the 7 mm Mauser rifle or the “Mauser especial 1892”. The new Mauser 7mm round was designed to be a smokeless powder caliber. This meant at range, when a person were to use such a weapon, they would be harder to spot on the battle field. Of course the Mauser brothers were not satisfied with the 1892 model and continued to make modifications and produced the Spanish Mauser Rifle Model 1893.
It was this model, the Spanish Mauser 1893, that gave the United States so much trouble against the Spanish in the Spanish-American War of 1898. Theodore Roosevelt himself found the Spanish Mauser 1893 to be a troublesome weapon, since his troops couldn’t see where the Spanish were firing from. After the war, captured models 1893’s were used in the design of the Model 1903 Springfield Rifle.
Enough with the history lesson, lets get back to the Spanish Bayonet Model 1893. So far I have seen about 4 different variations.
- Wooden handle with a smooth wavy grip (with rivets)
- Wooden handle with a smooth wavy grip (with screws on one side)
- Wooden handle with a smooth straight grip (with rivets)
- Wooden handle with a smooth straight grip (with screws on one side)
The one pictured above is the Wooden handle with a smooth wavy grip (with screws on one side). The one below it is the Chilean Bayonet 1895 model. As you can see they look very similar. The most obvious difference between the two is the hilt’s end, the barrel ring and the press catch.
If Anyone knows what the P.V. stands for on the Spanish 1893 model, I would love to know.
For more on bayonets check out my previous post on Bayonets of WWI.
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