Lithgow 1907 Bayonet

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Lithgow 1907 BayonetI am a happy owner of the Lithgow 1907 Bayonet.  The bayonet was designed at the Lithgow Small Arms factory in Australia starting around 1913, just prior to WWI.  The Lithgow 1907 Bayonet would become Australia’s staple weapon along with it’s counter part, the Enfield No1 Mark III rifle.

Initially Italian and American Walnut was used for the hilts (The wood on the hilts is often referred to as furniture) and then starting around 1916 Queensland Maple was used.  Queensland Maple would continue to be used until about 1941.  In November of 1941 production was switch over to Slazenger and Queesland Maple was replaced by Coachwood.

Lithgow 1907 Bayonet – Determining Age

There are several ways to try to determine the age of the bayonet by looking at the various markings.

Lithgow bayonets produced before 1920 were only stamped with the year of manufacture.  Using the Images below and looking at the pattern, year and manufacturer marks will help in determining age.

Another way to determine age is to look at the wood.  Since Italian and American Walnut was initially used, that is an indication that the bayonet was probably made before 1916.  If the bayonet has Queensland Maple, then it was probably made between 1916-1941.  If it has a Coachwood handle, then it was probably from 1941 until they stopped making them.

Lithgow Slats Australia 1907 BayonetLithgow bayonets manufactured before 1922 were supplied without an oil hole (in the pommel.  In 1916 instructions were issued to all British manufacturers to add this alteration to future production.  Armorers were also instructed to carry out this modification when bayonets were returned to store or submitted for repair.  The oil hole also served as a clearing mechanism should dirt or debris prevent the bayonet from fully engaging into the Lee Enfield.

You may encounter Lithgow 1907 Bayonets with the words “SLAZ” or “Australia“.  The “SLAZ” wording means that the bayonet was made at the Slazenger factory starting in 1941.  It should also have the date of the manufacturing.  “Australia” was inscribed on the handles after the second world war for bayonets bound for other countries like the United States.  It is similar to what the British did with their Broad Arrow marks.

From 1907 – 1915 most of the Lithgow 1907 Bayonet’s had a what is called a hooked quillion (hilt).  These are quite rare and as such cost quite a bit.  I have seen ones that were in pretty bad condition go for over $500.  I have also seen reproductions, so you have to be especially careful when buying them.  If you own one and want to sell it, you can expect to make $300-$2000 depending on condition.

The reason for the hooked quillion was to snap an opponents blade should an enemy lockAustralian Bayonet 1917 bayonets with the 1907.  This particular pattern with the hook quillion was made in England, Australia and India.  In some instances the early bayonets will have had their hooked quillions removed.  This is a shame, since they do have a really distinct look.

Overall Length: 555.0 mm
Blade Length:  435.0 mm
Blade Width (at guard):  23.0 mm
Overall length of scabbard:  468.0 mm

Below, thanks to Lawrance Ordnance, located in Sidney, Australia, they have put together what I consider to be one of the best detailed overviews of Manufacturer and Examiner marks out there for the Lithgow 1907 Bayonet.  Their site is chalk full of good stuff, so definitely check them out!

Pattern, Date and Manufacturer’s Marks for the Lithgow 1907 Bayonet.

Pattern, Year, & Manufacturer’s Marks1913 – 1922
Pattern, Year, & Manufacturer’s Marks1922
Pattern, Year, & Manufacturer’s Marks1922 – late-1920’s
Pattern, Year, & Manufacturer’s Markslate-1920’s
Pattern & Year MarksUnknown -1953
Pattern Mark1913 – late-1920s
Pattern MarkLate-1920s – 1953
Maker’s Mark1913 – late-1920s
Year1913 – 1922
Month & Year1922
Month & Year1922 – 1953

Examiners & Proof Marks

Examiner’s Marks1913
Examiner’s Marks1913 – 1921
Examiner’s & Proof Marks1921 – late 1920s
Examiner’s & Proof Markslate 1920s
Examiner’s & Proof Markslate 1920s
Examiner’s & Proof MarksUnknown – 1942
Examiner’s & Proof Marks1942 – 1945
Examiner’s & Proof Marks1942 – 1945
Mark Showing Convex Side For Bending1913 – 1953
Examiner’s Mark1913 – mid-1920s
Examiner’s Mark1913 – mid-1920s
Examiner’s Mark1913 – mid-1920s
Examiner’s Markmid-1920s
Examiner’s Markmid-1920s
Examiner’s Markmid-1920s – 1942
Examiner’s MarkStamped on bayonets made in the USA on Pratt & Whitney machinery being made for the Lithgow Small Arms Factory. Mark of William Clarkson.

Here are a few good links for Australian Bayonets including the Lithgow 1907 Bayonet.
Bayonet Madness
Lawrance Ordnance

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I share a passion for collecting all things vintage and antique and love to share that passion with others.

4 Comments

  1. Chris Baxter on

    I have a Bayonet that looks similar Lithgo 1907 but it looks like it has Japanese marks on it. Any ideas?

    • Hmmm – Could be that it was captured during a battle and a Japanese soldier added some lettering.

      The largest surrender of British troops in their history took place at Singapore and Malaysia. Singapore fell on February 15th 1942 and around 130 000 British, Australian and Indian troops became Japanese prisoners of war. Around 1 in 3 of the captives died.

      The Brits had the battleship/cruisers Repulse and Prince of Wales (the first major capital ships sunk while at sea by aircraft).

      The battles of Kohima and Impal (India/Burma) were major ones with significant casualties on both sides. Kohima is sometimes referred to as the “Stalingrad of the East.”

      The Chindits led by Orde Wingate were an outstanding story and had the second largest airborne drop during the war (Europe or Asia). They fought in North Burma.

  2. I have a Australian Lithgow Lee Enfield No. 1 Mark III Bolt Action .303 caliber rifle. It includes a bayonet with shealth.
    The markingon the bayonet are different from anything I saw on your webpage: http://hangtenseo1.wpengine.com/lithgow-1907-bayonet/
    The markings read: First line: MK I Second line: NW F (I think it is an F) Third Line: 42
    I would appreciate your feedback on the type (make/model) and its possible value range…
    Thanks, Dan

  3. Hi Tom

    I have a 303 baynet with the marking 190 over one,then 11 43.on the other side w.d stamp and then x oa.this has been in the loft since the end of the war ,I was given it and would like to know about it.

    thank you

    Richard.

    p.s this is the best web site I have seen.thank you for all the work that you have put into this web.

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